Literature review on diabetes mellitus in nigeria

A public health and clinical response. Current and ongoing research attempt to explore the addiction-anxiety relationship.

Smokers are at a significantly increased risk for chronic kidney disease than non-smokers. Insulin analogues Insulin therapy was limited in its ability to mimic normal physiologic insulin secretion.

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Fontvieille AM et al. There is an increase in the breakdown of fat with hyperglycemia. Overweight, central obesity, high blood pressure, dyslipidaemia, diabetes and low cardio-respiratory fitness are among the biological factors contributing principally to increased risk.

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Relationship of dietary saturated fatty acids and body habitus to serum insulin concentrations: Insulin therapy for type 2 diabetes: In order to suggest policy changes regarding screening for GDM, which will ultimately prevent the effects of GDM on the mother and her offspring and in turn reduce the financial and health burden to a country, it is essential that the extent of the condition is well understood.

A quality tracking system handles the articles submitted by various authors based on quality-checking for originality and consistency for subsequent approval. Pratley RE, Salsali A. History of diabetes mellitus. Department of Health and Human Services.

In this regard, the journal also provides advance online posting of the accepted articles. All these factors make smokers more at risk of developing various forms of arteriosclerosis hardening of the arteries.

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Barlow SE and the Expert committee Expert committee recommendations regarding the prevention, assessment and treatment of childhood and adolescent overweight and obesity: Rates of hypoglycemia in users of sulfonylureas.

Visceral adiposity and risk of type 2 diabetes: Due to this selective screening process one may expect the true extent of GDM in such countries to remain relatively unknown. Conclusions The way forward is to improve maternal and child care, promote screening of at-risk populations, and develop strategies for primary prevention and early intervention to optimize glycemic control.

From a cost perspective, many African countries employ a selective screening approach for GDM and the estimated percentage of pregnant women screened is unclear [17]. Arch Physiol Biochem These conditions may develop gradually given the smoking-healing cycle the human body heals itself between periods of smokingand therefore a smoker may develop less significant disorders such as worsening or maintenance of unpleasant dermatological conditions, e.

Global prevalence of diabetes: Annals of Medicine,Meyer KA et al. Khaw Ky, Wareham NJ et al. Uusitupa M et al. There seems to be an increased risk of Alzheimer's diseasealthough "case—control and cohort studies produce conflicting results as to the direction of the association between smoking and AD".

In addition, emerging evidence suggests incretin-based therapies may have a positive impact on inflammation, cardiovascular and hepatic health, sleep, and the central nervous system.

J Lab Clin Med They have good application potential in regenerative medicine. Results Study Selection The three databases searched identified a total of records. The relationship of folate to CVD has been mostly explored through its effect on homocysteine, which may itself be an independent risk factor for coronary heart disease and probably also for stroke.

Health effects of tobacco

Low cost kidney transplant in India with the kidney reaching the last stage of illness has become a trademark for both domestic and international patients. More and more number of patients are seeking a flawless treatment for kidney failures and looking for perfect kidney transplant.

Gestational diabetes mellitus prevalence estimates for another LMIC, Brazil, are thought to be –%. Diabetes was essentially unknown in Africa inyet in million people were reportedly living with the condition and this number is predicted to increase to million in equating to a % increase.

The main constituents of the millet kernel are seed coat (testa), embryo and endosperm. Among several varieties of finger millets such as yellow, white, tan, red, brown, or violet color, only the red-colored are cultivated extensively throughout world.

Type or paste a DOI name into the text box. Click Go. Your browser will take you to a Web page (URL) associated with that DOI name.

Send questions or comments to doi. In smoking, long term exposure to compounds found in the smoke (e.g., carbon monoxide and cyanide) are believed to be responsible for pulmonary damage and for loss of elasticity in the alveoli, leading to emphysema and COPD.

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) caused by smoking, is a permanent, incurable (often terminal) reduction of pulmonary capacity characterised by shortness of.

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Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a diverse group of metabolic disorders that is often associated with a high disease burden in developing countries such as Nigeria. In the early nineties, not much was known about DM in Nigeria and traditionally, people related DM to "curses" or "hexes" and diagnosis was made based on blood or urinary tests for glucose.

Literature review on diabetes mellitus in nigeria
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